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Saturday, 23 September 2017

Neptune

Happy birthday Neptune. Discovered 23 September 1846. www.localhistories.org/outerplanets.html

Sunday, 17 September 2017

Hildegard

Hildegard died on 17 September 1179. She was a great woman writer and scholar of the Middle Ages www.localhistories.org/hildegard.html

Saturday, 16 September 2017

The Mayflower

On 16 September 1620 a group of people set sail from Plymouth for the New World in a ship called the Mayflower http://www.localhistories.org/colonial.html 

Friday, 15 September 2017

Tanks 1916

On 15 September 1916 tanks were used for the first time. The British used them on the Somme. www.localhistories.org/first.html  

Thursday, 14 September 2017

Famous Women in History

Its a myth there were no great or influential women before the 19th century. I made a video about 50 of them. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=grmTVzb5PCc

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

Quebec

On 13 September 1759 General Wolfe won a decisive victory at Quebec ensuring Canada became British http://www.localhistories.org/canada.html

Saturday, 9 September 2017

Wednesday, 30 August 2017

Monday, 28 August 2017

Mary Anning

I wrote about Mary Anning the famous palaeontologist. She is an example of a great early woman scientist. www.localhistories.org/anning.html

Saturday, 26 August 2017

The Right to Vote

On 26 August 1920 the 19th amendment was ratified giving all women in the USA the vote (although some states allowed them to vote before then) http://www.localhistories.org/womenvotetime.html 

Thursday, 24 August 2017

Tuesday, 22 August 2017

Hilda of Whitby

I wrote a little bio of Hilda of Whitby an influential abbess in Anglo-Saxon England. (Its a myth that women had no influence in the Middle Ages) www.localhistories.org/hilda.html

Brazil declares war

On 22 August 1942 Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy www.localhistories.org/brazil.html

Friday, 18 August 2017

Contraceptive Pill

On 18 August 1960 the contraceptive pill became available in the USA. Women in Britain had to wait another year. www.localhistories.org/medicine.html 

Tuesday, 15 August 2017

A History of Women's Education

My video about the history of women's education is 3 years old. Its a myth that women in the past were never educated. Upper class women were often highly educated. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIGdEK1F2zs

Monday, 14 August 2017

Beatrix Potter

I wrote a little bio of Beatrix Potter www.localhistories.org/potter.html

Beauty contest

On 14 August 1908 the first international beauty contest was held in Folkestone, Kent, England. Women came from Germany, Denmark, France, Italy and Spain. However an Englishwoman named Nellie Jarman won.

Sunday, 13 August 2017

Berlin Wall

On 13 August 1961 Berliners awoke to find barbed wire separating east and west Berlin. Communists had begun building the Berlin Wall www.localhistories.org/berlin.html

Saturday, 12 August 2017

Thursday, 10 August 2017

Bottle Tops

On 10 August 1889 Dan Rylands invented the screw bottle top. Thanks Mr Rylands, I hate trying to get corks out of bottles. www.localhistories.org/drink.html 

Sunday, 6 August 2017

Saturday, 5 August 2017

Neil Armstrong

Man of the day: Neil Armstrong was born on 5 August 1930. In 1969 he became the first man on the Moon. www.localhistories.org/space.html

Thursday, 3 August 2017

Ancient Egypt

There were some women doctors in Ancient Egypt. Merit Ptah was a famous woman doctor who lived around 2,700 BC. www.localhistories.org/egypt.html  

Monday, 31 July 2017

The Egyptian Goddess of Writing

The Ancient Egyptians had a goddess of reading, writing and arithmetic. Her name was Seshat. I find it interesting they had a goddess not a god of those things. Its a myth that women were never educated in the past. There were always some educated women. www.localhistories.org/womensedtime.html  

Friday, 28 July 2017

A History of Washing

Joel Houghton invented the first dishwasher in 1850. However it was not a success. Josephine Cochrane invented the first successful dishwasher in 1886. www.localhistories.org/washing.html 

Sunday, 23 July 2017

Inventors who are not famous

I wrote a list of some inventors who are not famous but nevertheless made out lives a bit more comfortable. www.localhistories.org/inventors.html 

Friday, 21 July 2017

The Moon

On 21 July 1969 Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the Moon. Well done Neill. www.localhistories.org/space.html

Thursday, 20 July 2017

Sirimavo Bandaranaike

On 20 July 1960 Sirimavo Bandaranaike became prime minister of Sri Lanka. She was the first woman prime minister in the world. http://www.localhistories.org/womenrulers.html

Sunday, 16 July 2017

Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen was born on 16 July 1872. He was the first man to reach the South Pole www.localhistories.org/antarctica.html

Ancient India

In Ancient India surgeons were highly skilled. They were pioneers of plastic surgery. They performed an operation to reconstruct the nose (rhinoplasty). There were also hospitals in India and Sri Lanka before 200 BC. The Indians also produced brilliant mathematicians. Our numerals, 1,2,3 etc are derived from Indian numerals.

Friday, 14 July 2017

Coffee

According to legend coffee was discovered by an Ethiopian goat herd called Kaldi. He noticed that goats who ate certain beans became very lively. http://www.localhistories.org/coffee.html

Thursday, 13 July 2017

Women in Ancient Egypt

I found an interesting article about women in Ancient Egypt. They had a great deal of freedom and virtually the same rights as men. http://www.ancient.eu/article/623/ 

Wednesday, 12 July 2017

Petersfield

In the 18th century if you died poor the local authorities had to pay for your funeral. In the village of Buriton in Hampshire an old woman was sick. Realising she was dying the authorities put her on a cart and took her to the town of Petersfield. They dumped her in the street. (Legally if she died in Petersfield they would have to pay for her burial). Thank you so much. (Petersfield refused to pay and they took the case to court. They won). www.localhistories.org/petersfield.html 

Sunday, 9 July 2017

San Francisco

In 1846 the USA annexed California. On 9 July 1846 USS Portsmouth sailed into San Francisco Bay and sailors and marines went ashore and raised the US flag. The ship was named after Portsmouth, New Hampshire but it in turn was named after Portsmouth, England. www.localhistories.org/sanfrancisco.html  

Wednesday, 5 July 2017

Strike in San Francisco

In May 1934 longshoremen in San Francisco went on strike. On 5 July 1934 ‘Bloody Thursday’ fighting began between police and strikers. Two of the strikers, Nick Bordaise and Howard Sperry were killed. www.localhistories.org/sanfrancisco.html

Monday, 3 July 2017

Sunday, 2 July 2017

Havant

My video of Havant is 3 years old https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXnqisgwEzE

Saturday, 1 July 2017

The typewriter

On 1 July 1874 the first successful typewriter went on sale. it created new opportunities for women www.localhistories.org/womensjobs.html 

Thursday, 29 June 2017

Isabel Peron

On 29 June 1974 Isabel Peron became the first woman president of Argentina and the first woman president of any nation www.localhistories.org/womenrulers.html 

Sunday, 25 June 2017

George Orwell

My favourite author George Orwell was born on 25 June 1903. I don't normally like fiction but I love his novel 1984. www.localhistories.org/orwell.html 

Friday, 23 June 2017

Crime in World War II

Between 1939 and 1945 crime in Britain rose by more than 50%. The blackout (restrictions on showing lights) made crime easier. The sound of bombing disguised the sound of 
blowing safes or smashing windows to break into buildings. There were also, of course plenty or rich pickings from bombed houses. And you could steal things like rings from the  bodies of people killed by German bombing. www.localhistories.org/secondlife.html

Wednesday, 21 June 2017

St Pauls Cathedral

On 21 June the foundation stone of St Pauls Cathedral was laid. Wage accounts show that some of the carpenters who worked on it were women. (They were given the title 'widow'). It was common for women married to craftsmen to learn his trade and carry it on if he died. www.localhistories.org/london.html

Saturday, 17 June 2017

Thursday, 15 June 2017

Wednesday, 14 June 2017

Women's work in the Middle Ages

I found an interesting video about women's work in the Middle Ages. Its a myth that women did not work in the past. They did all sorts of jobs. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vLxv8gcvH78

Monday, 12 June 2017

Women's Olympic Games

I knew Ancient Greek women were not allowed to participate in the Olympic Games but I didn't realise until today they had their own games, dedicated to the goddess Hera. https://www.penn.museum/sites/olympics/olympicsexism.shtml

Myths About Women's History

I wrote a new article - myths about women's history www.localhistories.org/womenmyths.html 

Sunday, 11 June 2017

Salem

On 10 June 1692 the first people were hanged in the Salem witch trials in North America. Both men and women were hanged. (Hanging was the normal method of execution for 'witches' both male and female in England and her North American colonies). www.localhistories.org/salem 

Saturday, 10 June 2017

Equal Pay Act

On 10 June 1963 President Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act making it illegal to pay men and women different amounts for doing the same work. www.localhistories.org/womensrightstimeus.html 

Thursday, 8 June 2017

Women's working hours

On 8 June 1847 the British parliament voted to ban women and children from working more than 10 hours in textile factories, to protect them from exploitation. In 1867 the law was extended to all factories. In 1878 a law forbade women in factories from working more than 56 hours a week. www.localhistories.org/womensjobs.html

George Orwell

On 8 June 1949 one of the world's greatest books was published. 1984 by George Orwell. www.localhistories.org/orwell

Tuesday, 6 June 2017

Sunday, 4 June 2017

Shopping Trolleys

Shopping carts were introduced on 4 June 1937. They were invented by a man named Sylvan Goldman. www.localhistories.org/shopping.html 

Emily Davison

On 4 June 1913 suffragette Emily Davison ran onto a race track and was hit by a horse. She died on 8 June. Fortunately the horse was not badly injured. Nor was the jockey. Queen Mary (wife of King George V) wrote to the jockey and told him she hoped he was not too badly injured by the 'abominable conduct of a brutal, lunatic woman'.

Wednesday, 31 May 2017

Viking Women

This is a very interesting article about Viking Women. This is a quote from it: 'On the other hand, women were respected in Norse society and had great freedom, especially when compared to other European societies of that era. They managed the finances of the family. They ran the farm in their husband's absence. In widowhood, they could be rich and important landowners. The law protected women from a wide range of unwanted attention'. http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/women.htm 

Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Joan of Arc

On 30 May 1431 Joan of Arc was burned. Joan was mentally ill. She heard voices. But for a time the French king found her useful. If she claimed God sent her and the French soldiers believed her that suited her fine. But she was eventually captured. For a time she was held prisoner by the Duke of Luxembourg (an ally of the English). He offered to hand her over to the French in return for a ransom. They said 'thanks, but no thanks'. She had outlived her usefulness. So he sold her to the English instead http://www.localhistories.org/joan

Christopher Marlowe

On 30 May 1593 the great playwright Christopher Marlowe was killed in an argument www.localhistories.org/marlowe 

Monday, 29 May 2017

Toast

On 29 May 1919 Charles Strite patented the pop up toaster. Thank you Mr Strite. Believe it or not in 1978 they made a song about toast. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJmKStqugMc 

Bank Holidays

Happy birthday bank holidays. Monday 29 May 1871 was the first ever bank holiday in Britain. www.localhistories.org/holidays

Sunday, 28 May 2017

The Guillotine

Happy birthday Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, born 28 May 1738. He proposed that there should be a swift and humane method of executing people in France. The French Assembly agreed to his idea in 1791 and the first decapitating device was built. The first person to be executed by the new machine was Nicolas Jacques Pelletier in 1792. The guillotine was last used in France in 1977. www.localhistories.org/pun.html 

Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Copernicus

One of the greatest Poles, Mikolaj Kopernik died on 24 May 1543. Most of us know him better as Nicolaus Copernicus www.localhistories.org/copernicus 

Monday, 22 May 2017

Roman Women

Evolution in Ancient Greece

The Ancient Greeks invented the idea of evolution 2,500 years before Darwin. They could not explain how or why evolution happens. Darwin was the genius who discovered the mechanism - natural selection. Some Ancient Greek ideas were completely wrong. Nevertheless they were brilliant thinkers. http://launchistory.blogspot.co.uk/2012/04/theory-of-evolution-in-ancient-greece.html 

Sunday, 21 May 2017

Gosport

My youtube video about Gosport https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUJACtyLMeE 

Friday, 19 May 2017

Emily Davison

In 1913 a suffragette named Emily Davison ran onto a race course. She was hit by a horse and killed. Germaine Greer argues she did not help the cause of women's suffrage: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/womens-politics/10089541/Emily-Davison-was-she-really-a-suffragette-martyr.html 

Monday, 15 May 2017

Machine Gun

On 15 May 1718 James Puckle patented the first machine gun. However it was not a successful invention. In the 19th century many people experimented with machine guns. In 1862 Richard Gatling invented the Gatling gun. However the first really successful machine gun was the maxim gun, invented by Hiram Maxim in 1884. It was adopted by the British army in 1889. www.localhistories.org/weaponshist.html 

Sunday, 14 May 2017

Edward Jenner

On 14 May 1796 Edward Jenner vaccinated a boy against smallpox. He wasn't the first to vaccinate but he popularised the smallpox vaccine. www.localhistories.org/jenner

Monday, 8 May 2017

Joan of Arc

On 8 May 1429 the French, inspired by Joan of Arc broke the English siege of Orleans. It was a turning point in the Hundred Years War which ended with England losing all territory in France except Calais. Joan of Arc was a great woman of the Middle Ages even though she was a whack job who heard voices. www.localhistories.org/joan.html 

Sunday, 7 May 2017

Germany surrenders

On 7 May 1945 the Germans signed a document of surrender. The Second World War officially ended at one minute past midnight on the night of 8-9 May 1945. www.localhistories.org/nazigermany 

Friday, 5 May 2017

First American in Space

On 5 May 1961 Alan B Shepard became the first American in space www.localhistories.org/space  He made a 15 minute sub orbital flight reaching a height of 116 miles and lasting 15 minutes.

Tuesday, 2 May 2017

Catherine the Great

Happy birthday Catherine the Great (2 May 1729)

Peter III became Tsar in 1762 but he reigned for only a few months. Supporters of his wife Catherine assassinated him in 1762. She became known as Catherine the Great.

Although she liked to be seen as an enlightened despot and she corresponded with philosophers like Voltaire and Diderot many of Catherine's subjects were poor and oppressed. In 1773 man named Yemelyan Pugachev led a rebellion. The rebellion had considerable success but it was finally crushed in 1774. Pugachev was brought to Moscow in an iron cage. He was beheaded and his body was cut into quarters. Afterwards, in 1775, Catherine reformed local government. In 1785 she gave the gentry (wealthy landowners) a charter (a document granting or confirming certain rights).

Meanwhile Russia expanded in the 18th century. Russia fought a successful war with the Turks in 1768-1774. As a result the Russians gained land by the Black Sea. In 1783 Russia took the Crimea. The Turks lost still more territory after a war in 1787-1791. Meanwhile Russia took parts of Poland. In 1772 Russia, Prussia and Austria helped themselves to a slice of Polish territory each. Russia and Prussia helped themselves to more Polish territory in 1793. Finally in 1795 Russia, Prussia and Austria divided up what was left of Poland between them.

During the 18th century Russian territory and population greatly increased. Russia's new territory in the south was called New Russia and many people migrated there. Meanwhile Russians settled in the east. Russian industry also grew at this time and foreign trade expanded rapidly. By the time Catherine died in 1796 Russia was very powerful.

Sunday, 30 April 2017

Thursday, 27 April 2017

Sunday, 23 April 2017

Saturday, 22 April 2017

Friday, 21 April 2017

San Jacinto

On 21 April 1836 the Texans defeated the Mexicans at the battle of San Jacinto. Afterwards Texas became an independent republic. www.localhistories.org/texas.html 

Wednesday, 12 April 2017

Fort Sumter

On 12 April 1861 confederate General Beauregard fired on the union held Fort Sumter. It was the first action of the American Civil War. http://www.localhistories.org/americancivilwar.html

Sunday, 9 April 2017

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

Happy birthday Isambard Kingdom Brunel. He was one of the greatest engineers of the 19th century. Brunel was born in Portsmouth on 9 April 1806. www.localhistories.org/brunel 

Friday, 7 April 2017

Dick Turpin



On 7 April 1739 Dick Turpin was hanged. Although we remember him as a highwayman he was hanged for horse stealing. And far from being a dashing hero he was a thug. www.localhistories.org/highwaymen

Thursday, 30 March 2017

Anesthetics

Modern anesthetics were 'born' on 30 March 1842 when an American doctor called Crawford Young used ether during an operation. www.localhistories.org/surgery

Monday, 27 March 2017

Tuesday, 21 March 2017

Bach

Happy birthday Johann Sebastian Bach (21 March 1750). He is my dog's favourite composer. My dog also likes Hound Dog by Elvis Presley and he likes the Korgis. But he hates Cool for Cats by Squeeze.

Saturday, 18 March 2017

Wednesday, 15 March 2017

Monday, 13 March 2017

Potato Crisps

The first recipe for potato crisps (aka potato chips) was in a book by Dr William Kitchiner in 1817. Its not certain if he invented them or they existed before but thank you anyway Dr Kitchiner. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/10965628/Crisps-buoyed-Britain-in-its-darkest-hour.html 

Joseph Priestley

Joseph Priestley the great scientist who discovered oxygen was born on 13 March 1733 www.localhistories.org/priestley 

Friday, 10 March 2017

Women Scientists

I made a youtube video about famous women scientists who lived BEFORE the 19th century. There were a surprising number of them. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SU0QIHFrzs

Thursday, 9 March 2017

Barbie

Happy birthday Barbie. She made her debut at the American Toy Fair on 9 March 1959. www.localhistories.org/toys 

Saturday, 4 March 2017

Thursday, 2 March 2017

Texas

The Texan declaration of independence was signed on 2 March 1836. Sam Houston the first president of Texas was born on 2 March 1793. www.localhistories.org/texas

Monday, 20 February 2017

Sunday, 19 February 2017

Saturday, 18 February 2017

Queen Mary

Queen Mary was born on 18 February 1516. She became the first woman to rule all of England in 1553. www.localhistories.org/mary 

Friday, 17 February 2017

Toilets

On 17 February 1883 the vacant/engaged sign for toilet doors was patented by Mr Ashwell www.localhistories.org/toilets 

Wednesday, 15 February 2017

Tuesday, 14 February 2017

Friday, 10 February 2017

Queen Victoria marries

On 10 February 1840 Queen Victoria married her German cousin Albert. The Queen wore white. Wearing a white wedding dress was not about purity. Wearing white clothes was a status symbol/ Cleaning white clothes was very difficult so if you wore white it meant you had a lot of servants to clean them. However in the 19th century wearing a white wedding dress became much more common.

Wednesday, 8 February 2017

Catherine I

On 8 February 1725 Catherine I became the first woman to rule Russia. Although she is far more famous Catherine the Great was Catherine II! www.localhistories.org/russiatime

Sunday, 5 February 2017

Robert Peel

Happy birthday Robert Peel (5 February 1788) the man who formed the first real police force in Britain in 1829. They were called bobbies of peelers after him. www.localhistories.org/police  

Saturday, 4 February 2017

Friday, 3 February 2017

Africa

On 3 February 1488 Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias landed in what is now South Africa having sailed past the southern tip of Africa.http://www.localhistories.org/africanhistory.html 

Thursday, 2 February 2017

Public lavatories

Though the Romans had public lavatories and they existed in London in the Middle Ages the first modern one for men opened on 2 February 1852 www.localhistories.org/toilets

Monday, 30 January 2017

Sunday, 29 January 2017

Friday, 27 January 2017

Antarctica

The first man to actually see the continent of Antarctica was an Estonian named Fabian von Bellinngsingshausen on 27 January 1820.  But he didn't actually land. Who the first person was to set foot on Antarctica is a matter of debate. www.localhistories.org/antarctica  

Thursday, 26 January 2017

Australia

On 26 January 1788 the first European settlers landed at Port Jackson in Australia www.localhistories.org/australia

Tuesday, 24 January 2017

California Gold Rush

On 24 January 1848 James Marshall struck gold at Sutters Mill in California beginning the California gold rush. www.localhistories.org/california.html

Monday, 23 January 2017

Thursday, 19 January 2017

James Watt

The great engineer James Watt was born on 19 January 1736. Although he didn't actually invent the steam engine he greatly improved it. www.localhistories.org/watt  

Wednesday, 18 January 2017

Women Doctors

There were women doctors in the Middle Ages. In 1292 there were 8 registered women doctors in Paris (it was then a town of about 80,000 people). In 1311 women in France were forbidden to practice as surgeons unless they passed an examination in front of master surgeons. (In those days exams were often oral rather than written). About 1100 Trota of Salerno was a famous doctor. (Salerno in Italy was famous for its medical school. Women were allowed to study there). Rebecca Guarna another famous woman doctor lived about 1200.

Monday, 16 January 2017

The TV Dinner

I found an interesting article about the evolution of the TV Dinner http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/08/peeling-back-the-foil-the-origin-of-the-tv-dinner/ 

Little known inventors

Today I will celebrate some little known inventors. Benjamin Waddy Maughan invented the gas water heater in 1868. Edwin Ruud invented the electric hot water heater in 1889. Thomas Ahearn invented the electric car heater in 1890. Meanwhile The electric fan was invented in 1882 by Dr Schuyler Wheeler Frank W Wolfe invented the fridge for use in the home in 1913. 

Saturday, 14 January 2017

Queen Elizabeth I myth

When she was dying Queen Elizabeth I is supposed to have said 'All my possessions for a moment of time'. But its a myth. Nobody knows what the last thing she said was. I found this interesting quiz: http://www.elizabethi.org/contents/myths/index7.html  

Friday, 13 January 2017

Saturday, 7 January 2017

Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon, 1st wife of Henry VIII died 7 January 1536. She was a highly educated woman. In 1513 Henry was at war with France. He made his wife Catherine regent and captain-general of the armed forces in England in his absence http://www.localhistories.org/aragon  

Wednesday, 4 January 2017

Tuesday, 3 January 2017