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Tuesday, 27 March 2012

Tudor Life

You can read all about daily life in Tudor (16th century) life in my article www.localhistories.org/tudor  

Sunday, 25 March 2012

Antarctica

I wrote a little history of Antarctica at www.localhistories.org/antarctica  I was going to write its history some years ago but I got cold feet.

Thursday, 22 March 2012

Kettering

I wrote a little history of Kettering in Northamptonshire at www.localhistories.org/kettering 

History of Poverty


At the end of the 19th century more than 25% of the population was living at or below subsistence level. Surveys indicated that around 10% were very poor and could not afford even basic necessities such as enough nourishing food. Between 15% and 20% had just enough money to live on (provided they did not lose their job or have to take time off work through illness).

If you had no income at all you had to enter the workhouse. The workhouses were feared and hated by the poor. They were meant to be as unpleasant as possible to deter poor people from asking the state for help. In workhouses you could not wear your own clothes. You had to wear a uniform. Husbands and wives were separated and children were separated from their parents. Inmates had to do hard, unpleasant work such as breaking stones or pulling apart old rope. There were also many strict rules. However in the late 19th century workhouses gradually became a little bit more humane. www.localhistories.org/povhist  

Tuesday, 20 March 2012

Board Games

Games similar to draughts were played by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. The Arabs played a similar game and by about 1100 a form of draughts was being played in France. In the USA draughts is called checkers. www.localhistories.org/board  

Wednesday, 14 March 2012

Mary Rose

I wrote a little timeline of events in World history during the time of the Mary Rose, Henry VIII's warship, which sank in 1545. www.localhistories.org/maryrosetime 

Tuesday, 13 March 2012

Monday, 12 March 2012

Chocolate


In the early 19th century chocolate Easter eggs were made in France and Germany and from the 1870s they were made in England. Meanwhile in 1847 Fry made the first chocolate bar. However at first there was only dark chocolate. It was not until 1875 that a Swiss named Daniel Peter invented milk chocolate.

Meanwhile the first box of chocolates was made in 1854. In 1868 for the first time a box of chocolates was made in a heart shape for St Valentines Day. www.localhistories.org/chocolate 

Friday, 9 March 2012

Tudor Theatre

In the early 16th century actors performed in market squares or inn courtyards. However in the late 16th century theatre became more and more popular and it eventually became worthwhile making a purpose-built theatres in large towns. In 1576 a man named James Burbage built the first theatre. Others followed. Those who could afford the best seats were sheltered from the weather. However the poor customers stood in the open air. They were called groundlings. Rich people sat on the stage! www.localhistories.org/tudor  

Thursday, 8 March 2012

Morocco


The written history of Morocco began about 1,000 BC when a people called the Phoenicians from what is now Lebanon sailed there. The Phoenicians were great traders and they founded trading posts in Morocco. The Phoenicians founded the city of Carthage in what is now Tunisia. Soon Carthage became the dominant power in the region. Meanwhile by about 400 BC the native Berber tribesmen formed the kingdom of Mauritania.

In 146 BC the Romans conquered Carthage and their influence in North Africa gradually grew. Finally in 42 AD the Romans annexed the kingdom of Mauretania. Morocco remained under Roman rule until the 5th century AD. www.localhistories.org/morocco  

Friday, 2 March 2012

Hoddesdon

I wrote a little history of Hoddesdon in Hertfordshire. It has been a small market town since the 13th century but it grew much larger in the 19th century. www.localhistories.org/hoddesdon