Friday, 29 July 2011

Adelaide and Brisbane

I wrote a little history of Adelaide at and a very brief history of Brisbane at

Friday, 22 July 2011


In the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries new condiments were invented. Pesto sauce was invented in 16th century Italy. Furthermore new sauces were invented in the 17th century including bechamel and chasseur. Chutney comes from India. It was first exported to England in the 17th century. Soy sauce, which was invented in China reached Europe in the 17th century and by the mid-18th century it was popular in Britain.

According to one story a French chef first made mayonnaise in 1756. However there are many stories about where it comes from. Hollandaise sauce was also first recorded in the mid-18th century. Ketchup began life as a Chinese fish sauce called ke-tsiap. The name was gradually changed to ketchup and in Britain people added other ingredients instead of fish. In the 18th century they began adding tomatoes. Sauces similar to tartar sauce were made in the Middle Ages but 'modern' tartar sauce was first made in the 1800s.   

Tuesday, 12 July 2011

Monday, 11 July 2011

Origin of the Phrase Upper Crust

There is a story that the phrase upper crust, meaning the rich comes because in the 16th century in a big house servants used to cut off the upper crust of a loaf and give it to the rich members of the household. so upper crust came to mean the wealthy. However there is no evidence that the phrase 'upper crust' was ever used to mean the rich in the 16th, 17th or 18th century. In fact in the early 19th century in England 'upper crust' was slang for the head. It seems it was first used to mean the rich in the USA in the 19th century and later that usage was adopted in Britain.